Withdrawal Agreement Protocol Northern Ireland
The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (P. 302) and annexes to the Ireland/N.I. Protocol (p. 331) The declaration on the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as a political declaration, is a non-binding declaration, negotiated and signed at the same time as the broader mandatory withdrawal agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union (EU), known as Brexit. In October 2019, the new Johnson government renegotiated the project and replaced the backstop. Under the new protocol, the whole of the UK leaves the EU customs union as a single customs territory. Northern Ireland will be included in the UK`s future trade agreements, but will not have tariffs or restrictions on goods crossing the Irish border in both directions, creating a de facto customs border in the Irish Sea with Britain.
There is also a unilateral exit mechanism for the Northern Ireland Assembly to leave the protocol by a simple majority.    This new protocol has been described as „Chequers for Northern Ireland“ by some, as it is comparable to the British plan for future relations of Theresa May`s Chequers, previously rejected by the EU and criticised by Johnson.  On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Withdrawal Agreement in Northern Ireland.  The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).  The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only „clarified“ the volumity in the protocol.  Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a „precondition for any future partnership“.  On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would „violate international law“.“  If the EP approves the agreement by a simple majority, it must be adopted by the EU by the overqualified majority of the European Council of the other 27 Member States (20 from the other EU-27 representing 65% of the EU-27 population).